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Dog Dressage Basics

Dog Dressage Basics

Every dog needs to know how to deal with its owner. For the harmonious relationship between them, the owner must give some time to the dog and explain some words, what they mean and how he wants the dog to respond to them. This is called the dog training. Words that are used in dressage are called controls.

Each dog is teachable, but it is good to know them, because they are all so different. Some are shy, others like to play, some are aggressive and some are very lazy. All dogs are able to understand a few basic commands to help homeowners to communicate to them.


Basic commands for a dog: for the controls, we always use the same word. distance, sit, down, wait, stop, leg, voice, get, leave, drop, hop, stop, forward, back, around, over, run…

1. Commands, the dog learns slowly, one by one. When he knows the first command, it starts with the perception of others. First, we teach the dog simple commands sit, paw, lie and wait.
2. Each dog is not for all controls and all games. Dog inherits the instincts of his race. If we expect the same behavior as German Shepherds from a poodle we shall be disappointed. Any breed of dog is great for some jobs, but others it just will not do.
3. Give your puppy time to let you poor. When they learn new commands (sit..) First, he will obey only a fraction of a second. Then, we praise him. The next time he will sit longer. When we teach the animal, between the commands we play with them. Dog during class should have more time for play than for training.
4. When the dog learns some controls, then we add noises and sounds to controls. The dog must always obey. Noises and sounds: a ball, sizzling toy, running around him, throwing around the goodies…
5. Distance between dogs and owners When we teach the dog sitting in front or beside the one he teaches, they should be located no more than a meter away. If he is located more than one meter away, it will draw attention to everything except the controls.
6. Different places. Once the dog learns to sit on command, you must accustom him to sit in both interior and exterior or in the middle of the city. 6.1. different soil substrates The dog sits on various bases on the cement floor, grass, sand, earth, seat, surf, table, bench…
7. We provide controls one after another in different sequences a sitting, lying, voice, hop, distance b. leg, voice, wait, rest, voice c. distance, sit, hop, sit, wait. 7.1. Train the dog in different situations a walk through the town, before the ATM without a leash, in an elevator…
8. Train the dog to a different time of day: morning, noon, afternoon, evening, night.
9. We practice different positions and different controls in a series from sitting to lying, lying to hop…
10. We practice the dog so that we change position between the controls we are on a chair, lying on the floor, standing on a ladder, hanging from the tree, standing on slides or measures.
11. Practice the dog in a calm voice, whispering and loud, singing..
12. DO NOT practice with the animal when you’re not in the mood.
13. Train the dog several times a day for a few minutes, preferably daily. When the dog is used to training, do not make it longer than 20 minutes.
14. Each session with a dog should be fun for the dog as for the owner. Among the controls are always short plays with the dogs.
15. We praise the dog when he is obedient and ignore it when it does not obey. Do not feed the dog during training with treats, as they will aspect them always. The dog is more obedient to the love than to food.
16. We do not punish, not hit or yell at the dog. We work with him friendly.
17. Do not make fun of the dog during training. This offends and humiliates him.
18. During the training we do not caressing the head This means humiliation for a working and obedient dog.
19. Patience. Sometimes the dog does not understand what we want from him. This may anger us. Then, training is stopped and within minutes, we try to say what we want otherwise.
20. The trainer needs to know and imagine what he wants from his dog. If the trainer is not clear what he wants, the dog will not know what is expected of him.
21. The trainer uses the name of a dog in the controls Sit Tarzan, Tarzan distance,…. the dog loves his name and likes to hear it, that is the reason he will act more obedient to the command.
22. Controls order: attention, command, demonstration, praise.

Thomas Grace